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电力|机械|石油|化工|冶金|常用换算手册目录

 

五、黑色金属硬度及强度换算表

硬度 抗拉强度(公斤/毫米2
洛氏 表面洛氏 维氏 布氏 碳钢 铬钢 铬钒钢 铬镍钢 铬钼钢 铬镍
钼钢
铬锰
硅钢
超高
强度钢
不锈钢 不分
钢种
HRC HRA HR15N HR30N HR45N HV HB30D2

(70.0)

86.6       1037                     本栏适用二换算精度要求不高的一般钢种

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(69.5) 86.3       1017                    
(69.0) 86.1       997                    
(68.5) 85.8       978                    
(68.0) 85.5       959                    
(67.5) 85.2       941                    
67.0 85.0       923                    
66.5 84.7       906                    
66.0 84.4       889                    
65.5 84.1       872                    
65.0 83.9 92.2 81.3 71.7 856                    
64.5 83.6 92.1 81.0 71.2 840                    
64.0 83.3 91.9 80.6 70.6 825                    
63.5 83.1 91.8 80.2 70.1 810                    
63.0 82.8 91.7 79.8 69.5 795                    
62.5 82.5 91.5 79.4 69.0 780                    
62.0 82.2 91.4 79.0 68.4 766                    
61.5 82.0 91.2 78.6 67.9 752                    
61.0 81.7 91.0 78.1 67.3 739                    
60.5 81.4 90.8 77.7 66.8 726                    

 

硬度 抗拉强度(公斤/毫米2
洛氏 表面洛氏 维氏 布氏 碳钢 铬钢 铬钒钢 铬镍钢 铬钼钢 铬镍
钼钢
铬锰
硅钢
超高
强度钢
不锈钢 不分
钢种
HRC HRA HR15N HR30N HR45N HV HB30D2
60.0 81.2 90.6 77.3 66.2 713                 269.1   260.7
59.5 80.9 90.4 76.9 65.6 700                 262.3   255.1
59.0 80.6 90.2 76.5 65.1 688                 255.8   249.6
58.5 80.3 90.0 76.1 64.5 676                 249.6   244.3
58.0 80.1 89.8 75.6 63.9 664                 243.7   239.1
57.5 79.8 89.6 75.2 63.4 653                 238.   234.1
57.0 79.5 89.4 74.8 62.8 642                 232.6   229.3
56.5 79.3 89.1 74.4 62.2 631                 227.4   224.6
56.0 79.0 88.9 73.9 61.7 620                 222.4   220.1
55.5 78.7 88.6 73.5 61.1 609                 217.7   215.7
55.0 78.5 88.4 73.1 60.5 599       206.6 209.8     208.6 213.1   211.5
54.5 78.2 88.1 72.6 59.9 589       203.3 206.1     204.8 208.7   207.4
54.0 77.9 87.9 72.2 59.4 579       200.0 202.5     201.0 204.5   203.4
53.5 77.7 87.6 71.8 58.8 570       196.8 199.0     197.4 200.5   199.5
53.0 77.4 87.4 71.3 58.2 561       193.7 195.5 192.5 198.5 193.8 196.7   195.7
52.5 77.1 87.1 70.9 57.6 551       190.6 192.0 189.3 195.1 190.3 193.0   192.1
52.0 76.9 86.8 70.4 57.1 543     188.1 187.5 188.7 186.1 191.8 187.0 189.4   188.5
51.5 76.6 86.6 70.0 56.5 534     184.1 184.5 185.4 183.0 188.6 183.6 186.0   185.1
51.0 76.3 86.3 69.5 55.9 525 (501)   180.3 181.6 182.1 179.9 185.4 180.4 182.7   181.7
50.5 76.1 86.0 69.1 55.3 517 (494)   176.7 178.7 179.0 176.9 182.3 177.3 179.5   178.5

 

硬度 抗拉强度(公斤/毫米2
洛氏 表面洛氏 维氏 布氏 碳钢 铬钢 铬钒钢 铬镍钢 铬钼钢 铬镍
钼钢
铬锰
硅钢
超高
强度钢
不锈钢 不分
钢种
HRC HRA HR15N HR30N HR45N HV HB30D2
50.0 75.8 85.7 68.6 54.7 509 (488) 174.4 173.1 175.8 175.8 173.9 179.3 174.2 176.5 175.9 175.3
49.5 75.5 85.5 68.2 54.2 501 (481) 171.4 169.8 173.0 172.8 171.0 176.2 171.2 173.5 172.3 172.2
49.0 75.3 85.2 67.7 53.6 493 (474) 168.6 166.6 170.2 169.8 168.2 173.3 168.3 170.7 168.8 169.2
48.5 75.0 84.9 67.3 53.0 485 (468) 165.8 163.5 167.5 166.9 165.4 170.4 165.4 167.9 165.5 166.3
48.0 74.7 84.6 66.8 52.4 478 (461) 163.1 160.5 164.9 164.0 162.6 167.6 162.7 165.2 162.3 163.5
47.5 74.5 84.3 66.4 51.8 470 (455) 160.6 157.6 162.3 161.2 159.9 164.8 160.0 162.5 159.2 160.8
47.0 74.2 84.0 65.9 51.2 463 449 158.1 154.9 159.7 158.4 157.3 162.0 157.3 160.0 156.3 158.1
46.5 73.9 83.7 65.5 50.7 456 442 155.6 152.2 157.2 155.7 154.7 159.3 154.7 157.5 153.5 155.5
46.0 73.7 83.5 65.0 50.1 449 436 153.3 149.7 154.7 153.1 152.2 156.7 152.2 155.0 150.8 152.9
45.5 73.4 83.2 64.6 49.5 443 430 151.0 147.2 152.2 150.5 149.7 154.1 149.8 152.6 148.2 150.4
45.0 73.2 82.9 64.1 48.9 436 424 148.8 144.8 149.8 148.0 147.2 151.6 147.4 150.2 145.7 148.0
44.5 72.9 82.6 63.6 48.3 429 418 146.6 142.6 147.5 145.5 144.8 149.1 145.0 147.8 143.3 145.7
44.0 72.6 82.3 63.2 47.7 423 413 144.5 140.3 145.2 143.1 142.5 146.7 142.7 145.5 141.0 143.4
43.5 72.4 82.0 62.7 47.1 417 407 142.5 138.2 142.9 140.8 140.2 144.3 140.5 143.2 138.7 141.1
43.0 72.1 81.7 62.3 46.5 411 401 140.5 136.1 140.7 138.5 137.9 142.0 138.4 140.9 136.6 138.9
42.5 71.8 81.4 61.8 45.9 405 396 138.6 134.1 138.5 136.2 135.7 139.7 136.2 138.5 134.5 136.8
42.0 71.6 81.1 61.3 45.4 399 391 136.7 132.2 136.4 134.0 133.6 137.5 134.2 136.2 132.5 134.7
41.5 71.3 80.8 60.9 44.8 393 385 134.8 130.3 134.3 131.9 131.5 135.3 132.2 133.9 130.5 132.7
41.0 71.1 80.5 60.4 44.2 388 380 133.1 128.4 132.2 129.8 129.4 133.1 130.2 131.5 128.6 130.7
40.5 70.8 80.2 60.0 43.6 382 375 131.3 126.7 130.2 127.7 127.4 131.0 128.3 129.1 126.8 128.7

 

硬度 抗拉强度(公斤/毫米2
洛氏 表面洛氏 维氏 布氏 碳钢 铬钢 铬钒钢 铬镍钢 铬钼钢 铬镍
钼钢
铬锰
硅钢
超高
强度钢
不锈钢 不分
钢种
HRC HRA HR15N HR30N HR45N HV HB30D2
40.0 70.5 79.9 59.5 43.0 377 370 129.6 124.9 128.2 125.7 125.4 129.0 126.4 126.7 125.0 126.8
39.5 70.3 79.6 59.0 42.4 372 365 127.9 123.2 126.2 123.8 123.5 127.0 124.6 124.3 123.3 125.0
39.0 70.0 79.3 58.6 41.8 367 360 126.3 121.6 124.3 121.9 121.6 125.0 122.8 121.8 121.6 123.2
38.5   79.0 58.1 41.2 362 355 124.6 119.9 122.5 120.0 119.7 123.1 121.1 119.3 120.0 121.4
38.0   78.7 57.6 40.6 357 350 123.1 118.4 120.6 118.2 117.9 121.2 119.4   118.4 119.7
37.5   78.4 57.2 40.0 352 345 121.5 116.8 118.8 116.5 116.2 119.4 117.7   116.8 118.0
37.0   78.1 56.7 39.4 347 341 120.0 115.3 117.1 114.8 114.4 117.6 116.1   115.3 116.3
36.5   77.8 56.2 38.8 342 336 118.5 113.8 115.3 113.1 112.8 115.8 114.6   113.8 114.7
36.0   77.5 55.8 38.2 338 332 117.0 112.4 113.6 111.5 111.1 114.1 113.0   112.3 113.1
35.5   77.2 55.3 37.6 333 327 115.6 110.9 112.0 109.9 109.5 112.5 111.5   110.9 111.5
35.0   77.0 54.8 37.0 329 323 114.1 109.5 110.4 108.4 107.9 110.8 110.1   109.5 110.0
34.5   76.7 54.4 36.5 324 318 112.7 108.2 108.8 106.9 106.4 109.2 108.6   108.1 108.5
34.0   76.4 53.9 35.9 320 314 111.3 106.8 107.2 105.4 104.9 107.7 107.3   106.7 107.0
33.5   76.1 53.4 35.3 316 310 110.0 105.5 105.7 104.0 103.5 106.2 105.9   105.4 105.6
33.0   75.8 53.0 34.7 312 306 108.6 104.2 104.2 102.7 102.0 104.7 104.6   104.1 104.2
32.5   75.5 52.5 34.1 308 302 107.3 102.9 102.7 101.3 100.7 103.2 103.3   102.8 102.8
32.0   75.2 52.0 33.5 304 298 106.0 101.6 101.3 100.1 99.3 101.8 102.0   101.5 101.5
31.5   74.9 51.6 32.9 300 294 104.7 100.4 99.9 8.8 98.0 100.5 100.8   100.3 100.1
31.0   74.7 51.1 32.3 296 291 103.4 99.1 98.5 97.6 96.7 99.1 99.6   99.0 98.9
30.5   74.4 50.6 31.7 292 287 102.1 97.9 97.2 96.4 95.5 97.8 98.5   97.8 97.6

 

硬度 抗拉强度(公斤/毫米2
洛氏 表面洛氏 维氏 布氏 碳钢 铬钢 铬钒钢 铬镍钢 铬钼钢 铬镍
钼钢
铬锰
硅钢
超高
强度钢
不锈钢 不分
钢种
HRC HRA HR15N HR30N HR45N HV HB30D2
30.0   74.1 50.2 31.1 289 283 100.9 96.7 95.9 95.3 94.3 96.6 97.3   96.6 96.4
29.5   73.8 49.7 30.5 285 280 99.7 95.5 94.6 94.2 93.1 95.3 96.2   95.4 95.1
29.0   73.5 49.2 29.9 281 276 98.4 94.3 93.3 93.2 91.9 94.1 95.1   94.2 94.0
28.5   73.3 48.7 29.3 278 273 97.2 93.2 92.1 92.2 90.8 93.0 94.1   93.1 92.8
28.0   73.0 48.3 28.7 274 269 96.1 92.0 90.9 91.2 89.7 91.8 93.0   91.9 91.7
27.5   72.7 47.8 28.1 271 266 94.9 90.9 89.7 90.2 88.7 90.7 92.0   90.8 90.6
27.0   72.4 47.3 27.5 268 263 93.7 89.8 88.6 89.3 87.7 89.7 91.0   89.7 89.5
26.5   72.2 46.9 26.9 264 260 92.6 88.7 87.5 88.4 86.7 88.6 90.1   88.5 88.4
26.0   71.9 46.4 26.3 261 257 91.4 87.6 86.4 87.6 85.7 87.6 89.2   87.5 87.4
25.5   71.6 45.9 25.7 258 254 90.3 86.5 85.3 86.8 84.7 86.6 88.2   86.4 86.4
25.0   71.4 45.5 25.1 255 251 89.2 85.5 84.3 86.0 83.8   87.4   85.3 85.4
24.5   71.1 45.0 24.5 252 248 88.1 84.4 83.3 85.2 83.0   86.5   84.3 84.4
24.0   70.8 44.5 23.9 249 245 87.0 83.4 82.3 84.5 82.1   85.6   83.2 83.5
23.5   70.6 44.0 23.3 246 242 86.0 82.4 81.3 83.8 81.3   84.8   82.2 82.5
23.0   70.3 43.6 22.7 243 240 84.9 81.4 80.3 83.1 80.5   84.0   81.2 81.6
22.5   70.0 43.1 22.1 240 237 83.9 80.4 79.4 82.5 79.7   83.2   80.2 80.8
22.0   69.8 42.6 21.5 237 234 82.9 79.4 78.5 81.9 78.9   82.5   79.2 79.9
21.5   68.5 42.2 21.0 234 232 81.9 78.5 77.6 81.3 78.2   81.7   78.2 79.1
21.0   69.3 41.7 20.4 231 229 80.9 77.5 76.7 80.7 77.5   81.0   77.3 78.2
20.5   69.0 41.2 19.8 229 227 79.9 76.6 75.9 80.2 76.8   80.3   76.4 77.4
20.0   68.8 40.7 19.2 226 225 79.0 75.7 75.1 79.7 76.1   79.6   75.4 76.7
(19.5)   68.5 40.3 18.6 223 222 78.0 74.8 74.3 79.2 75.5   78.9   74.5 75.9
(19.0)   68.3 39.8 18.0 221 220 77.1 73.9 73.5 78.8 74.9   78.2   73.7 75.2
(18.5)   68.0 39.3 17.4 218 218 76.2 73.1 72.7 78.3 74.3   77.6   72.8 74.4
(18.0)   67.8 38.9 16.8 216 216 75.3 72.3 71.9 77.9 73.7   76.9   71.9 73.7
(17.5)   67.6 38.4 16.2 214 214 74.4 71.4 71.2 77.5 73.1   76.3   71.1 73.1
(17.0)   67.3 37.9 15.6 211 211 73.6 70.6 70.5 77.2 72.6   75.7   70.3 72.4

 注:1、带括号的硬盘值仅供参考。
     2、本表所列各个钢系的换算值,对含碳量由低到高的钢钟基本适用。

硬度

抗拉强度

(公斤/毫米3)

洛氏 表面洛氏 维氏 布氏
HRB HR15T HR30T HR45T HV HB10D2
100.0 91.5 81.7 71.7 233   80.3
99.5 91.3 81.4 71.2 230   79.3
99.0 91.2 81.0 70.7 227   78.3
98.5 91.1 80.7 70.2 225   77.3
98.0 90.9 80.4 69.6 222   76.3
97.5 90.8 80.1 69.1 219   75.4
97.0 90.6 79.8 68.6 216   74.4
96.5 90.5 79.4 68.1 214   73.5
96.0 90.4 79.1 67.6 211   72.6
95.5 90.2 78.8 67.1 208   71.7
95.0 90.1 78.5 66.5 206   70.8
94.5 89.9 78.2 66.0 203   70.0
94.0 89.8 77.8 65.5 201   69.1
93.5 89.7 77.5 65.0 199   68.3
93.0 89.5 77.2 64.5 196   67.5
92.5 89.4 76.9 64.0 194   66.7
92.0 89.3 76.6 63.4 191   65.9
91.5 89.1 76.2 62.9 189   65.1
91.0 89.0 75.9 62.4 187   64.4
90.5 88.8 75.6 61.9 185   63.6
90.0 88.7 75.3 61.4 183   62.9
89.5 88.6 75.0 60.9 180   62.1
89.0 88.4 74.6 60.3 178   61.4
88.5 88.3 74.3 59.8 176   60.7
88.0 88.1 74.0 59.3 174   60.1
87.5 88.0 73.7 58.8 172   59.4
87.0 87.9 73.4 58.3 170   58.7
86.5 87.7 73.0 57.8 168   58.1
86.0 87.6 72.7 57.2 166   57.5
85.5 87.5 72.4 56.7 165   56.8
85.0 87.3 72.1 56.2 163   56.2
84.5 87.2 71.8 55.7 161   55.6
84.0 87.0 71.4 55.2 159   55.0
83.5 86.9 71.1 54.7 157   54.5
83.0 86.8 70.8 54.1 156   53.9
82.5 86.6 70.5 53.6 154 140 53.4
82.0 86.5 70.2 53.1 152 138 52.8
81.5 86.3 69.8 52.6 151 137 52.3
81.0 86.2 69.5 52.1 149 136 51.8
80.5 86.1 69.2 51.6 148 134 51.3
80.0 85.9 68.9 51.0 146 133 50.8
79.5 85.8 68.6 50.5 145 132 50.3
79.0 85.7 68.2 50.0 143 130 49.8
78.5 85.5 67.9 49.5 142 129 49.4
78.0 85.4 67.6 49.0 140 128 48.9
77.5 85.2 67.3 48.5 139 127 48.5
77.0 85.1 67.0 47.9 138 126 48.0
76.5 85.0 66.6 47.4 136 125 47.6
76.0 84.8 66.3 46.9 135 124 47.2
75.5 84.7 66.0 46.4 134 123 46.8
75.0 84.5 65.7 45.9 132 122 46.4
74.5 84.4 65.4 45.4 131 121 46.0
74.0 84.3 65.01 44.8 130 120 45.6
73.5 84.1 64.7 44.3 129 119 45.2
73.0 84.0 64.4 43.8 128 118 44.9
72.5 83.9 64.1 43.3 126 117 44.5
72.0 83.7 63.8 42.8 125 116 44.2
71.5 83.6 63.5 42.3 124 115 43.9
71.0 83.4 63.1 41.7 123 115 43.5
70.5 83.3 62.8 41.2 122 114 43.2
70.0 83.2 62.5 40.7 121 113 42.9
69.5 83.0 62.2 40.2 120 112 42.6
69.0 82.9 61.9 39.7 119 112 42.3
68.5 82.7 61.5 39.2 118 111 42.0
68.0 82.6 61.2 38.6 117 110 41.8
67.5 82.5 60.9 38.1 116 110 41.5
67.0 82.3 60.6 37.6 115 109 41.2
66.5 82.2 60.3 37.1 115 108 41.0
66.0 82.1 59.9 36.6 114 108 40.7
65.5 81.9 59.6 36.1 113 107 40.5
65.0 81.8 59.3 35.5 112 107 40.3
64.5 81.6 59.0 35.0 111 106 40.0
64.0 81.5 58.7 34.5 110 106 39.8
63.5 81.4 58.3 34.0 110 105 39.6
63.0 81.2 58.0 33.5 109 105 39.4
62.5 81.1 57.7 32.9 108 104 39.2
62.0 80.9 57.4 32.4 108 104 39.0
61.5 80.8 57.1 31.9 107 103 38.8
61.0 80.7 56.7 31.4 106 103 38.6
60.5 80.5 56.4 30.9 105 102 38.5
60.0 80.4 56.1 30.4 105 102 38.3

              注:抗拉强度栏内数值,适用于低碳钢。

六、建筑结构常用材料理论重量换算公式

材      料 重量1b/ft.2 材      料 重量1b/ft.2
吊顶     三层组合屋面料 1
  槽钢吊架体系 1   三层毡和砾石 51/2
  板条和抹灰 (参见隔墙)   五层毡和砾石 6
  隔音纤维板 1   木板屋面  
楼盖       木 2
  钢铺板 (参见制造厂样本)     沥青 3
  1in.厚钢筋混凝土板       粘土瓦 9~14
    石子的 121/2     1/4in.厚石板 10
    矿渣的 111/2 望板  
    轻质材料的 6~10   3/4in.厚木板 3
  1in.厚素混凝土板     1in.厚石膏 4
    石子的 12   1in.厚绝缘材料  
    矿渣的 11     松散的 1/2
    轻质材料的 3~9     就地浇注的 2
  1in.厚填料       刚性的  
    石膏 6 隔墙  
    砂 8   粘土砖  
    煤渣 4     3in.厚 17
饰面       4in.厚 18
  1in.厚水磨石 13     6in.厚 28
  3/4in.厚瓷砖或缸砖 10     8in.厚 34
  1/4in.厚油地毡 1     10in.厚 40
  3/4in.厚胶合铺料 9 石膏块  
  7/8in.厚硬木 4   2in.厚 91/2
  3/4in.厚软木 21/2   3in.厚 101/2

 

材        料 重量1b/ft.2 材        料 重量1b/ft.2
层顶     4in.厚 121/2
  铜板或锡板 1   5in.厚 14
  2×4木壁骨(12~16in.厚,中到中) 2   空心混凝土块(轻骨料)  
钢隔墙 4     4in.厚 21
  1in.厚灰泥       6in.厚 30
    水泥 10     8in.厚 38
    石膏 5     12in.厚 55
板条     粘土砖(承重的)  
  金属的 1/2     4in.厚 25
  1/2in.厚石膏板 2     6in.厚 30
      8in.厚 33
  砖块       12in.厚 45
    4in.厚 40   4in.厚条石 55
    8in.厚 80   4in.厚玻璃块 18
    12in.厚 120   窗子,玻璃,窗框和窗扇 8
  空心混凝土块(重骨料)     幕墙 (参见制造厂样本)
    4in.厚 30   1in.厚结构用玻璃 15
    6in.厚 43   1/4in.厚波纹水泥石棉板 3
    8in.厚 55    
    121/2in.厚 80    
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